Whether you are a parent, teacher, dyslexic adult, or employer, here is some information taken from the British Dyslexia Association to help you spot signs of Dyslexia. If you can see several of these indications, you may want to consider a formal assessment and contemplate specialist help either at home or school. For more information about assessments or specialist help please call Simply Learning Tuition on 0207 350 1981.
1. Persisting Factors – obvious from an early age and continue to exist:
· Obvious ‘good’ and ‘bad’ days, for no apparent reason
· Confusion between directional words, e.g up/down, in/out
· Difficulty with sequencing, e.g. coloured bead sequence, later with days of the week or numbers
· A family history of dyslexia/reading difficulties.
· Has persistent jumbled phrases, e.g. ‘cobbler’s club’ for ‘toddler’s club’
· Use of substitute words e.g. ‘lampshade’ for ‘lamppost’
· Inability to remember the label for known objects, e.g. ‘table, chair’
· Difficulty learning nursery rhymes and rhyming words, e.g. ‘cat, mat, sat’
· Later than expected speech development
Pre-school non-language indicators:
· May have walked early but did not crawl – was a ‘bottom shuffler’ or ‘tummy wriggler’
· Persistent difficulties in getting dressed efficiently and putting shoes on the correct feet
· Enjoys being read to but shows no interest in letters or words
· Is often accused of not listening or paying attention
· Excessive tripping, bumping into things and falling over
· Difficulty with catching, kicking or throwing a ball; with hopping and/or skipping
· Difficulty with clapping a simple rhythm
3. Primary school
· Has particular difficulty with reading and spelling
· Puts letters and figures the wrong way round
· Has difficulty remembering tables, alphabet, formulae etc.
· Leaves letters out of words or puts them in the wrong order
· Still occasionally confuses ‘b’ and ‘d’ and words such as ‘no/on’
· Still needs to use fingers or marks on paper to make simple calculations
· Poor concentration
· Has problems understanding what he/she has read
· Takes longer than average to do written work
· Problems processing language at speed
Primary school non-language indicators:
· Has difficulty with tying shoe laces, tie, dressing.
· Has difficulty telling left from right, order of days of the week, months of the year etc.
· Surprises you because in other ways he/she is bright and alert
· Has a poor sense of direction and still confuses left and right
· Lacks confidence and has a poor self-image
4. Secondary School
Language indicators as for primary schools, plus:
· Still reads inaccurately
· Still has difficulties in spelling
· Needs to have instructions and telephone numbers repeated
· Gets ‘tied up’ using long words, e.g. ‘preliminary’, ‘philosophical’
· Confuses places, times, dates
· Has difficulty with planning and writing essays
· Has difficulty processing complex language or long series of instructions at speed
Aged 12 or over non-language indicators:
· Has poor confidence and self-esteem
· Has areas of strength as well as weakness
Dyslexia is a learning difficulty that primarily affects the skills involved in accurate and fluent word reading and spelling. According to our dyslexia specialist Lois Hood, dyslexia can come in many forms. She says it is important when looking for signs to bear in mind the following:
So what should you look for?
GENERAL signs to look for:
The following are some ideas which mostly come from the British Dyslexia Association to help teachers spot children who may be dyslexic.
WRITING – Look out for these issues:
You may also wish to consider SKILLS:
If you can identify any of these signs in your child, you may wish to explore the possibility that they could be dyslexic. Feel free to call us on 0207 350 1981 to find out more information, or to set up a meeting with one of our specialist dyslexia assessors.